It is a very widely held belief in business that each station in a production line should be working as hard as it can in order to maximize its efficiency. This might be a car assembly line or an accountant office processing tax returns using several different stages in the accounting process.  In other words, each stage is working at its Local Optimum.  Generations of Cost Accountants have encouraged this and spend endless amounts of time trying to split, for example, the cost of electricity over each work stage in the production cycle. This is probably seriously flawed thinking.

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